The term osteoporosis already implies what this typical skeletal condition is about: porous bones. As age progresses, the bones become increasingly fragile. The main risk lies with post-menopausal women. The so called “loss of bones” affects the whole skeleton and particularly the spine. Thus, light loads or harmless falls can cause a spontaneous fracture of the vertebral bodies.
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In cases of osteoporosis, the balance between bone formation and deformation in the body is restricted. This means that – unlike in healthy people – deteriorating bone mass will not be sufficiently replaced by new material.
We are able to measure this change. The measuring instrument recommended by the WHO is the Bone Mineral Density Test, also known as the dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) medically. This examination is advisable for women above the age of 50 at risk of osteoporosis. Checkups should be done every 2 years.
Risk Factors and Prevention
With increasing age, some loss of bone mass is considered normal – and everyone should live their lives accordingly in order to prevent associated risks. If you have had osteoporosis in your family before, you are at a higher risk of suffering from osteoporosis. Higher risks of osteoporosis also result from hormonal imbalances as well as malnutrition and underweight. Also taking cortisone based medication is a risk factor.
Early prevention is especially important: Avoiding osteoporosis consists of healthy, calcium-rich nutrition and sufficient movement and fresh air! This is for the reason that vitamin D is crucial for bone metabolism, and our bodies are only able to form vitamin D with the help of sunlight.
Dairy products such as milk, cheese, sour milk and yoghurt should be on the menu! Don’t forget to eat lots of calcium-rich vegetables such as broccoli and Brussel sprouts. Keep away from food that contains phosphate such as meat, chocolate, sausage and fatty cheese.
Nutritional experts recommend acidic drinks such as fruit juice, which support the uptake of calcium. Ask your doctor about your diet and also whether additional calcium supplements could be helpful.
Stay away from wine, beer and nicotine.
If the cause for osteoporosis is found, then we can start the therapy. Osteoporosis patients should adjust their nutritional and everyday lifestyle. A calcium rich diet as well as physical activity is vital.
In addition, there is countless medication which helps to support the bone formation. You should speak to your doctor to find out which medical therapy is best for you.
If your vertebral bodies are already fractured, the possibility of a necessary operation must be immediately discussed. In addition, pain therapy such as kyphoplasty or vertebroplasty could be extremely beneficial in such situations.